During the return trip from a short holiday in the Harz Mountains last summer, we took a short break for this beautiful location. We were dropped by our fellow explorer Lia, who then looked for a strategic place to keep an eye on things. Twan and I were able to stretch our legs for a while in this large building, where the great decline started a long time ago. With some crumbled ceilings and stairs that are not completely reliable, a great challenge!
The history of this farm, located on a provincial road in a remote area, cannot be traced.
On the northern side of Pula bay stretches out the former Naval Base Katarina, originally built as part of the Austro-Hungarian defence system of the city of Pula and further extended during Italian rule.
Many beautiful castles and fortresses are located all over Croatia as a result of rich and turbulent history. Among them is Castle Bosiljevo, one of the most magical urbex locations you will ever visit. Normally this castle is not open for visitors, but an urban explorer always finds a way in. This time me and my wife were very lucky…the gates were open!
We arrived at the villa after a long walk on the boulevard, accompanied by thunderstorms. I really did not have high expectations of being able to enter the grounds and the villa – the photos I had seen showed a fence that was more than 2 meters high – but I was too curious not to pass by. Fortunately, there was an opening in the fence, which I could climb over with a little agility!
Exploitation of coal in the Raša mine, as one of the mines in Raša coal basin, began in 1928. In Krapan, a settlement near Raša, mining started back in 1626, but only at the time of the Mussolini fascist era exploitation of coal in Raša mine experienced the real expansion. Raša coal basin employed more than 10,000 workers, and the coal basin was distributed to 30 floors with almost 400 km long branching transport corridors. Raša mine was closed in 1966, mainly due to the exhaustion of the site and the all-present crisis.
The Učka Mountains used to be a popular excursion destination for tourists in Istria. Many tourists also spent a few days at Učka Resort Hotel to enjoy the surrounding nature park.
The Istrian coal mines, had by far the most important and economically the most valuable deposits of the anthracite coal reserves in Croatia since the 18th century until the year 1999, when their excavation and use in the coal-fired power plant Plomin ceased.
The coal is found within the Palaeocene Kozina limestone beds. Four coal basins, Karojba, Sveti Martin, Pićan, and the Labin basin, hosted seven coal mines, e.g. Tupljak, Potpićan, Kozljak, Štrmac, Raša, Ripenda, and Krapan. The coal has been generally known under the name of Raša coal.